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AMPHIBIANS

COMMON BULLFROG

This is largest North American frog and they grow up to approximately 8 inches in length.
They are light green, olive, dark green, or brown above with a underside creamy white, throat.  Their breeding call is a low-pitched "rum."  They live in and on the water.

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SPRING PEEPER

This is the smallest frog in Maine, approximately 0.8 to 1.5 inches in length.  They are grayish- or orangish-brown above with distinct dark “X” on back and their underside is yellowish or grayish white.  Their
breeding call is a high-pitched “peep” - hence their name.  They are found on trees and shrubs.

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NORTHERN TWO-LINED SALAMANDER

They are mall and slim-bodied, approximately 3 to 4 inches in length.  Their upper parts are yellowish, with dark stripe on each side from behind the eye onto tail.  Their sides are  grayish or yellowish-gray, with a yellow underside and their tail has ridge along top to aid salamander in swimming.  They are found under rocks and logs at the edges of lakes and streams.

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AMERICAN TOAD

These toads are plump and can grow to 2 to 4 inches in length.  They have rough, spotted skin.  They emit a prolonged (>20 seconds) high-pitched trill to attract a mate.  They breed in open, shallow water and can be seen hopping around the shore.

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EASTERN NEWT

They have three distinct life stages:

  • Larvae which are aquatic,

  • intermediate “eft” (juvenile phase) is terrestrial.  They are red, reddish-brown, or reddish orange, with small black spots and larger red spots as adults, and

  • Adult is also aquatic and are olive green, greenish brown, or yellowish brown above, with numerous small black spots and two rows of larger red spots outlined in black. 

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SPRING SALAMANDER

This salamander lives in the western and central regions of Maine.  It is uncommon and and is a "Species of Greatest Conservation Need."  They are a stocky, medium to large salamander, approximately 4.5 to 7.5 inches in length.  They are bright salmon-pinkish-orange in color with faint small dark spots and their underside is a pale tan.  A light line extends from the eye to nostril and their tail has ridge along top to aid salamander in swimming.  If your see one, take a picture and upload it to the Maine Amphibian & Reptile Atlas Project (MARAP).

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